Enhancing Skills and Faster Generation of Employment

It is believed that India's economic growth is not generating enough jobs or livelihood opportunities. At the same time, many sectors face manpower shortages. To address both, we need to improve our education and training systems; create efficient and accessible labor markets for all skill categories; and encourage the faster growth of small and micro enterprises.

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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby rajput.rohit@gmail.com » Fri Feb 11, 2011 7:05 pm

I believe the existing skill training system has not kept pace with the change in the nature of the job market. The job market tends to swing towards either the largest number of jobs or jobs with higher than above salaries. Many of these are fields are in sectors which were not even in existence 10 years back.
We should have:
1 Agility in the course curriculum of universities
2 Mandate a minimum no of hours in every course to be taught by visiting faculty practicing in industry and not in academia
3 Incentivise the private sector for participating in these visiting faculty programs at the Individual teacher level and/ or at the corporate level.

However this still does not address the larger issue in India: encouraging entreprenuership and nurturing entreprenuership.
We should activley look at teaching entreprenuership at the school, college and post graduate level. While the government and academia have woken up to this reality, what is still of their radar is the question of nurturning entreprenuership.
The state does a good job of nurturing the micro entreprenuer by giving his access to markets, technology & capital; what they have missed on is a very critical component of entreprenuership: the mindset. Our entreprenuers are not incentivised to invest in their education in growing the mindset as their business grows: investing in training the workforce, building processes that take them to the next level, motivating the workforce, negotiation , managing stress and planning skills. These skills contribute as much to the success of an entreprenuer as any technical skills. Sadly, this does not get the attention it deserves purely because it gets classified as a "soft skill".

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srikanthssridhar@gmail.com (Wed Apr 27, 2011 10:55 am)
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby dkjain49709@rediffmail.com » Wed Feb 16, 2011 1:24 am

India has been pioneer in best planning and has always been rated as number one in Planning. During last sixty years of freedom India has always framed best policies and formulated very attractive plans. Unfortunately Indian government and Indian politicians have invariably failed to put their plans and policies into action in true spirit. This is because the persons who are supposed to execute the plan into action are corrupt or inefficient. Execution of plan in our country is the worst because the persons who are supposed to follow the policies, rules and laws are themselves violators of the same. Good officers are never allowed to perform better; rather they are sidelined or removed from the mainstream. Bad and corrupt officers are chosen for responsible, powerful and prestigious posts humiliating good officers. Indians officers know how to cook the figures and how to make the balance sheet of performance attractive. Politicians know the art of befooling innocent voters by making unachievable promises. Politicians know the art of dividing the society to continue their rule.

It is therefore desirable that Indian government and top ranked officers of various departments first discard making plans , stop wasting time in making policies immediately and concentrate their entire energy for at least one year on real and actual development of human resources who execute the golden plans and policies. Government and every departmental heads have to demonstrate by their actions that good and honest performers are awarded and bad and dishonest staffs are punished. Politicians have to learn giving tickets for election only to good performers and stop calculating winning prospect on the basis of caste, community or the wealth of the person. Politicians and top ranked officers have to stop arbitrary transfers and whimsical promotions to juniors and incapable staffs at the cost of good and capable staff. Politicians have to learn to give value to good workers, good ministers and good people in general. Humiliation and disrespect to Merit in the name of reservation to some caste or the other is also one of the various reasons for continuous erosion in Indian values.

I therefore make an effort to substantiate my views by giving some focus on recent stories of corruption or price rise or maoist extremism.

Kapil Sibal , Ms Sonia Gandhi, Mr. Rahul Gandhi, Mr. Digvijay singh, Mr. Chidambram , Mr Pranab Mukherjee, Mr. Manish Tiwari, Mr. Manu Singhwi , Manmohan Singh , the great Prime Minister, the great economist and the great reformer and all VIP leaders of Congress Party were ridiculing CAG report only a few days ago. Loyal advocates named above of Congress Party left no stone unturned to shut the mouth of crying leaders of Opposition parties demanding JPC in 2G scam.

Mr. Kapil Sibal was so much shameless that he even challenged the CAG report and without any hesitation ridiculed CAG report .Top leaders of Congress Party were openly denying the charges and frequently told the media that there was no truth in 2G scam. It is they who spoiled 20 precious days of the Parliament and not members of opposition parties. But it is usual practice that thieves after committing robbery willfully cry loudly “thief, thief, thief” to get rid of police action. Similarly leaders of Congress Party were blaming NDA government for 2G scam and never accepted JPC.

It is only Supreme Court that has made them silent , otherwise leaders of ruling parties would have never accepted that there was a scam and could have saved Raja and his associates in 2G scam. Congress Party is full of corrupt leaders and hence number of exposures of scam during the tenure of UPA is increasing. Even other partners in UPA are masters in scam. Birds of the same feather flock together.

CBI the traditional puppet in the hands of ruling party is also taught a lesson by Apex Court. This is why at least some important persons have been arrested. Now it depends on CBI whether they submit charge sheet with full support of oral witnesses and adequate documentary evidences or allows the case to be rejected after wasting a decade or two as other cases related to VIP and powerful rich persons were rejected in the past.

Leaders of Congress Party named above should now at least cover their faces and go deep into hibernation.
They do not have now any moral right to preach sermons to public, to innocent voters and to world community.

Entire world has seen and witnessed the exposure of one after other scam. FIIs will no doubt fly away from Indian market slowly if the growth of Corruption is not stopped by any revolutionary leader. People are now very angry and they will dethrone Congress leaders if they do not mend their behavior and stop malpractices completely. Till now, none of action of Congress party leaders is able to demonstrate that they are working seriously and honestly to stop malpractices.

I salute Subramanium Swamy and Mr. Prashant Bhushan like persons who courageously moved against the misdeeds of the government and exposed the ongoing scam in the country under the banner of Congress Party, Total amount of loss to the country through various scams exposed during last year 2010 on account of corruption perpetuated by leaders of UPA amounts to many lacs of crores of rupees and still leaders of Congress Party in particular and that of UPA in general always blame NDA government, or BJP chief Ministers whose leaders has caused almost no loss to the state government under their rule. Maximum loss to the government caused by BJP Chief Ministers or during NDA government (including state government) would total to hardly a few crores of rupees.

“Ek Hira chor hai to dusra Khira chor Hai”. Still diamond thief is blaming the later to get rid of humiliation from the public.

“Bhai eh to public hai, eh sab janti hai”. Every nine out of ten person will definitely and categorically accuse leaders of Congress party and that of UPA for prevalent corruption in the country and hardly one person will point out his accusing finger towards leaders of BJP or NDA leaders.

Person like Narendra Modi and Mr. Nitish Kumar are far far better than learned clean Prime Minister Mr. Manmohan Singh. A clean , helpless and ineffective leaders like Manmohan Singh cannot lead India to greater heights and so called story of development hyped by UPA government is getting punctured slowly by exposures of scams one after other. The greatest loss to the country caused by UPA government lead by Manmohan Singh is nothing but loss of image of the Nation in the International forums and among world community.
Prime Minister Mr. Manmohan Singh says
Corruption is the greatest
impediment in good governance, in development, in equi -distribution of
GDP growth, in delivery of justice and it also tarnishes the image of
the country in the world.
He is PM for last more than six years. But he could not do anything to stop corrupt practices. He is helpless.

Home Minster Mr. Chimdambaram has admitted at Devos
economic summit that hardly 50 percent of fund allotted for
development is spent on actual work.

Mr. Rajiv Gandhi during his tenure as PM had admitted 20 to 25 years ago that hardly 10 to 15 percent of development fund reaches in the hands of real beneficiary. Similarly fund spent on development of infrastructure is lost among various middle men.

More clearly contractors have to
pay bribe to various officers and ministers to the tune of 50 per cent
of value of work order they are allotted, even if it is done through
legal process of tender.

Not only this even for good posting and timely or before time promotion one officer has to give bribe to competent authority. Even to get rid of transfer to remote and critical posting one has to offer costly gifts to transferring authority. Why not will he flatter to his boss? What is the need of doing honest duty for which an employee is paid if all normal and abnormal benefits accrues to him by dint of only flattery and by offering some costly gifts or by paying prevalent rate of bribe? It is better to earn and let others earn bribe, This is the slogan of the day when economic reformation , economic freedom is given to all in addition to fundamental freedom given by Indian Constitution.

As such Government is helpless in controlling Mafia contractors ,corrupt officers, ,investigating officers, CBI officers because all are appointed on the basis of quality of flattery they extend to Ministers and their immediate bosses and honestly share the bribe they earn with Ministers, babus and government servants. A gang of flatterers run the government. A gang of flatterers surround each top ranked officer in each office. Culture developed in the government department is open secret which is “earn and let others earn”.

Never be dishonest in offering share of bribe you earn with the bosses and be sure that none can harm you, you will grow in power, you will grow in wealth and you will in social status and social recognition.

Honest and devoted workers are rejected in promotion processes. Dishonesty is the best policy at least when Congress Party is in power at center or in a state. Leaders of Congress Party ware well versed in blackmailing opposition parties on the issue of historical case of so called communalism or secularism or keeping voters pleased by useless toys of promising caste based reservation to various segments of society.

PM has admitted rampant corruption not once, twice or thrice but many
times during six years tenure of PM.I am unable to understand who has power and who is empowered by voters to cure cancer of corruption.

In our country when PM has got no
time and no capacity to ensure
that legitimate instruction given by him
to telecommunications minister is obeyed by Mr Raja in true spirit. He allows the fraud to perpetuate for two to three years even though instruction given is not followed. He does not think it wise to ensure compliance of his orders.

This is why all offices in our country only issues guidelines but never take efforts to ensure its execution in the field and never try to punish those who violate the laid down norms. Laws are made only for the sake of laws. Rules are made not to be followed but to please the opposing persons. Leaders preach the sermons to public but do not think it necessary to follow the same. One after other committees are set up to investigate the allegation of corruption against government officers and ministers simply to close the chapter once for all or to shut the mouth of revolting people or to silence the political parties who put hindrances in their path which leads to acquiring maximum personal wealth.

When
PM can allow willfully Mr. Raja to cause loss to the country to the
tune of one lace crore of rupees,
he cannot dream of good governance.
His action demonstrates that it is wise to remain silent spectator of
all corrupt practices and enjoy the fruits of power and encash his
clean image. He think is wise and prudent to remove honest officers and honest ministers than to take the risk of survival of the government by stopping corruption. It is not surprising that all ministers and all officers working under him in the entire country in various offices follow him and perpetuate the same unhealthy practice as our learned and clean image Manmohan Singh do.

None of complaints lodged in the office of PM or that of FM or President of India or for that matter to any government office or to any departmental head by lacs of aggrieved persons in the country is properly attended to ensure its logical
conclusion. When office of PM or CM or that of President of India is
inactive and when they fail to demonstrate their value system they often
espouse and preach before public they cannot expect and should not expect
junior officers to work honestly and sincerely.

Finance Minster Mr. Pranab Mukherjee and his fellow colleague Minister for Agriculture
Mr.Sharad Pawar have also almost surrendered before
relentless price rise. They have completely failed to control price
rise and inflation. They say that government has got no magic wand which can stop price rise. They have openly admitted that price rise has gone out of their control because they cannot punish officers working in various government departments, they cannot force their fellow politicians to follow discipline , they cannot punish black marketers and hoarder business men because it their financial contribution which makes the political party able to fight election.

To be more clear election funding is possible only when black money is allowed to grow .It is therefore entirely foolish to dream that government will ever take real and effective steps to stop black money creation in the country. Government cannot stop growth of black money within the country, how can they get success in bringing back black money parked in foreign banks. When CMD and ED and all top bankers are corrupt they easily allow black money movement. All black money move from one bank to other bank through Indian banks only.
Black money is always remitted to foreign centers with the knowledge and with the support of corrupt bankers, corrupt ED officials, corrupt IT officials, corrupt custom officials and all other corrupt officials who are supposed to stop movement of black money or creation of black money. After all it is the money of corrupt politicians and money of corrupt officers which will be unearthed if they take corrective step and to cure the cancer of corruption.

All Governments consistently have willfully made the judiciary weak and ineffective and none of the government have ever bothered to bring about judicial reformation or police reformation as promised by politicians from time to time.

They cannot reverse the policy of liberalization and globalization launched by honourable clean Mr. Manmohan Singh in 1991 because these policies of reformation have given them enormous opportunity to accumulate wealth .And it is the unregulated freedom given to business community that they earn unreasonable profit and earn hundreds and thousands of crores of rupees. It is top businessmen of the area who agree to give considerable amount to politicians of ruling party to get it back in the form of tax concessions, subsidy and tax evasion. None can stop this vicious circle and none can cure this cancer of corruption. Government pretend to control price rise but they cannot and do not want to control profit under the banner of economic liberalization. Indians cannot dream of socialistic approach when the entire set up is meant for capitalists.

Whimsical transfers, arbitrary posting and arbitrary promotion are the root cause of all social malady and economic disparity growing year after year. To add fuel to fire is the weak judicial and police system in the country.

As such any government cannot imagine of real reformation in the country. Government can provide real relief to poor common men only when they are able to make police active, effective, quick, honest and real social workers, real security providers and real fighters against injustice. Freedom granted by Late Mahatma Gandhi is lost, completely lost and it confined only a few hands of politicians, government officials and a few business men.

India needs to bring about desired reformation in police and judicial system as early as possible. Otherwise number of extremists will grow, network of Maoist and terrorists will grow and ultimately India will face the same situation as Egypt and other Arab countries are facing today .Anarchy will replace democracy, so called secularism and socialism of Nehru ji and Indira ji.
Indian politicians have been harping on poverty alleviation for last 40 years. Since the days of bank’s nationalization they have changed the slogan of Social welfare to financial inclusion but the there is no actual improvement visible in the pitiable position of 90% of Indian population. Only God can save common men of India until our judicial system and police system is honest and perfect, active and effective and until they are provided adequate manpower and adequate infrastructure to fight against perpetrators of injustice.


16.02.2011
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby kalrasakshi@ymail.com » Wed Feb 16, 2011 11:23 am

Though a lot of appreciable initiatives have been taken by the government in the recent past yet a lot needs to be done. Being a teacher educator, i feel that the curriculum that is being practiced in the teacher training colleges is outdated and faulty. The result of it is the non dedicated and less efficient teachers who in turn fail to motivate the student force which has to go to the various sectors in the future.
Though a lot of initiatives have been taken to reform the curriculum of the school education now, the imparting of that curriculum needs to be reformed further.
Thus there is no doubt that the faulty training system need an urgent reformation in order to cater to the needs of the competitive world.
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby m.ravinder.k@gmail.com » Sun Feb 20, 2011 8:06 am

Short & to the point Advice----------------

A big part of Employment generation investment should b headed to establish such training centers that can train the educated students (after 10 or 10+2) directly according to the need of recruiters/vacancies expected in near future.
Don't waste money to generate employment, invest it to train (free of cost, if possible) educated students (Even upto 10 & 10+2) &/or unemployed persons.
For a good start, designated authority can start with the students studying in govt. colleges/Schools.

THNX for ur time
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby syegnesh@gmail.com » Fri Mar 18, 2011 9:55 am

Yes - skills training in some sectors may be good, but even in these cases, it is definitely low on capacity to service the entire needs. In many other sectors the students who pass out are not employable.

The main reasons are known to everyone: quality of teachers. Either they are no good or lack motivation. That may be too large a problem to attack, given the resources required, the mind-set, etc.

However, I see one possible solution: Industry (organized sector) has been largely playing lip-service to apprenticeship. It will make a big difference if industry can support educational institutions through short-term organized apprenticeships. Assuming, the organized sector has a workforce of about 35 million today, with a 1:1 mentoring, they can have 35 million apprentices. This is how many advanced countries work - most students find it easy to get some form of apprenticeships. Companies adopt colleges / ITIs and work with them on all aspects: currucilum, teching, apprenticeships. If this can be done in the same spirit in India thru mandates, tax breaks, cajoling, getting CII / FICCI / PHDCCI / NASSCOM / and other industry bodies to adopt it, I am sure it will work over the long term. This may take time, but can work.
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby rohit.83@gmail.com » Sat Mar 19, 2011 9:07 am

Dear Sir and All,

Existing Problem of Education range from following:
1. Inadequate Infrastructure - Lack of investment
2. Lack of Skilled Trainers - Personals who have the right skill do not get into training in India as it lacks recognition of talent - such personals look for better training by going for higher studies abroad and stick in the job there- such talent only comes back to India after spending most of there working age at foreign countries. Most of the money Indians spend on education abroad can be retained in India.
3. Lack of depth at the Higher Level of Studies - This is due to lack of Investment and lack of skilled personals as mentioned above in point no. 2.

Solution:
1. Indian Government should Invite proposals from International Universities every year during the 5 year plan. It should limit and allow 20 Universities to setup institutes every year during the 5 year plan. First Preference should be given to universities which most of the Indian Students prefer while going for studies abroad.
Advantages:
A. It will create talent of International level in India.
B. Will deploy and train the young Indian population to compete internationally.
C. Will help retain money spent by Indians for studying abroad.
D. Highly skilled trainers will be available in India.
E. Create a pool of talent locally.

Hope the above suggestions are useful. Comments are Welcome!

With Regards,
Rohit Jain
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby srikanthssridhar@gmail.com » Mon Apr 25, 2011 4:58 pm

The Government of India has taken many measures to promote the skill training along with the private partnership firms in the recent past. But, the results has failed to meet the expectations. The Job market in India is growing faster and is in require of skilled workers who are professionals. The skill training system in India has a major challenge ahead. Some of the major deficiencies which i observed are:

1. Teaching Quality in Government run schools and colleges are not up to the
mark. The syllabus is out of date and has to be updated frequently with new
technological aspects and current developments.

The recent study conducted by NGO Pratham, Annual State of Education
Research (ASER), an annual survey of children going to school in India shows
shocking figures. Only 53.4% Children of class V can read a Standard II level
text. The Government of India and the State Governments have to take this
report seriously before implementing any policies in the Government run
educational institutions, Schools and colleges.
Just imagine the capabilities of future workforce of our country!


2. Training for Teachers, Lecturers has to be made mandatory. The teachers has to be trained in new technologies so that they can implement them in classes. These technologies has to be implemented from the elementary school level. This builds confidence and clarity in the subjects of study.

In the current scenario the skill training system is not reaching the grass root level. The major work force of the country come from near by rural areas and they are lack of required skills. The training may impart some skills that are required for a specific kind of a job, but the overall development of the worker nor the society is possible.

The Infrastructure, teaching quality and the new technology like smart class has to implemented in the schools and colleges with Public Private Partnerships.
The government has to take serious decisions in creating a healthy job environment for next generation work force. In my view this can be achieved by transforming the education system from the elementary level.
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby nandan.malu@bizminder.co.in » Sat Apr 30, 2011 8:07 am

Dear Sir,

Skill training system in India requires complete refurbished approach.

Mechanism that can be adopted -
Teaching quality -

Skill training may be different for different kind of jobs. I don't say that specialized training is required, but a specialized approach toward problem solving needs to be generated. For e.g.

In India, generally, training start with explanation of theory followed with case studies of developing solutions or handling jobs requirements is given. Practical projects are given with a defined timeline to achieve results from the trainee. A solution or development of new products/approach requires years of research. In US, students are given cases/research subjects with no defined timeline, they have to research and document their finding, in case they dont come up with solution within their degree period, the same is handed over to next batch from the point it was done by previous batch. The previous researchers/students are still the part of the project even after their college/training and even after they get the job. This assures that in a span of time, the college comes up with certain solution of the topic. This helps college grow its knowledge network and also help alumni keep relation with new students thereby updating the whole education system. This is popularly called "The Knowledge Network". This ensures that past and present students keep in touch and input their common skills to achieve desired results.

Any student of university/college can raise his query to the knowledge network for possible solution. This increase the knowledge depth of everyone in the knowledge network to know new problems and mitigate them with desired solutions. This is how genuine skills will be developed.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure needs to be installed at university/trainer location and a common server for inter connectivity need to be made. This will be base of the knowledge network. Students/Qualified/Alumni of same university should remain connected to students/professors of the university to get back to them for any solution/technology. This can be a web based connectivity solution.

Global reach

Government should take efforts in increasing an integrated approach between various technical, non technical and K-12 institutions in India & Abroad. In case a query/clarification raised by a student of X University is not able to be solved by knowledge network of that university, the same can be referred by the X University to domestic peers or international university/institutions. This way the skills of Indian manpower will not only limit to getting solutions but will also enhance a global way of approaching to solutions with highest level of global information update.

I hope this solution may interest you.

Regards
Nandan Malu
Bizminder Consultancy Services
www.bizminder.co.in
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby praveenpoddar@yahoo.com » Mon Jun 06, 2011 7:51 pm

No

Deficiencies:

1) Training has no actual relation with the requirements of job. After training in a government institute or government aided institute, a person should be compulsorily assigned job in that field only for minimum 10 years after which he/she should be free to change his job or move to administrative/managerial posts.

2) The infrastructure must provide actual practical training/hands on skills in addition to academic/theoretical aspects. About 50% of the training should be practical oriented with strict evaluation from a professional board.

3) Teaching allowance @ 12.5 % on salary should be provided to provide some incentive for attracting talent. For consultancy work, commission upto 30% of the consultancy fee should be provided for teacher. There should be five yearly refresher course for teacher and about one year industry experience for every 10 years of teaching experience. The industry experience should be by way of deputation in both private and public sector.

4) The course curriculum should be updated every 5 years
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Re: Is the existing skill training system in India adequate for the requirements of job market? If not, identify deficiencies like poor infrastructure, teaching quality, outdated inputs, etc. What kind of incentive mechanism and support system are required to overcome them both quantitatively and qualitatively?

Postby nupur.srivastava@gmail.com » Thu Aug 11, 2011 11:26 am

The focus should be on 3 levels
a) Primary Schools
b) Undergraduates/Vocational
c) Post graduates/research


We will deal with each one at a time here (although have to work on all of them simultaneously).

a) PRIMARY EDUCATION

1) Under the BOT model of PPP work on primary schools. The educated young India too would come to villages :)
2) Monitor by private. recruitment both private+public.
3) As of now primary teachers are busy filling govt files so that their jobs are safe as they have attendance targets.
4) Kids come to school only for food, clothes, playing....no education as the teacher is busy with files (mostly they have 1 or 2 teachers) most of the time they manipulate with gram pradhan and never go for work.
5) No motivation for kids to come to school.
6) Failure is necessary for the kids(spoon feeding will not help India). Hence attendance should be compulsory.
7) Try to design a NATIONAL SYLLABUS that encompasses theory, practical, leisure +NATIONAL INTEGRITY.
8) train teachers every now and then.
9) All this should be monitored using MIS.Link it to the National Knowledge Grid that is being developed.
10)After class 10th.....They should be given either VOCATIONAL TRAINING in the school (arts, craft, pottery - it should be world class(pvt can provide that) ) or regular subjects. Tell them where this choice will lead them.
11) Provide them Community owned cycles to come to school. These cycles should be returned to schools after the completion of the term. Give scholarships for the best student. Competition is necessary.
12) By then time Rural economy should be ready to recruit them for the vocational job( MGNREGA, PMGSY should by then make the rural infrastructure ready...rural economy ready)
13) this will take not less than 15 years....Hence even 13th and 14th 5 year plan too should focus on this.

b) HIGHER EDUCATION

1) Total autonomy should be given to Universities.
2) Syllabus should match world standards + practical oriented
3) Research necessary condition for the faculty members.
4) Student and teacher ratio should be maintained.
5) In the final year the projects taken by students should be arranged by faculty from some developement project going on. It will not waste students time working on useless projects.
6) Try for student exchange programmes.
7) Provide good hostels with overall personality building measures.
8) encourage for college mingling fests.

c) POST GRADUATE/ RESEARCH

1) if the above things would work well.....This would be world class :)
2) People would seek India as destination again like in Nalanda and Takshshila days.

Stay Happy!!! and lets hope this works :)
An integrated India needs Integrated plans and you cannot separate education from agriculture OR technology from justice :)

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