Enhancing Skills and Faster Generation of Employment

It is believed that India's economic growth is not generating enough jobs or livelihood opportunities. At the same time, many sectors face manpower shortages. To address both, we need to improve our education and training systems; create efficient and accessible labor markets for all skill categories; and encourage the faster growth of small and micro enterprises.

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How can we reduce the harassment and regulatory hassles of small and micro enterprises?

The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby chanana.ak@nic.in » Wed Feb 02, 2011 6:50 am

The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

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devenvaija09@gmail.com (Thu Feb 03, 2011 6:31 am), sspb836@gmail.com (Sat Feb 05, 2011 8:21 am)
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby devenvaija09@gmail.com » Thu Feb 03, 2011 6:45 am

More employment can be generated in both the sectors by:

1) For Unorganized Sector , government should think of classifying all and put them into groups. Then they can be given identity cards so that for schemes , certain people can benefit. eg) Home based workers who are into may be beedi making industry or cashew nuts industry , can be brought together. By their Unions, government can think of creating employment amongst themselves by increasing their output. Financially when they ll be strong as a big group, exploitation and middlemen are avoided. They can put in money for technological advancement and this will boost production and profit.

2) For Organized Sector, like banks , govt.interference should be minimized. Foreign Investment or assistance should be brought in so that more schemes come up and consumer base is recorded. Employment Generation can happen by CREATING of new job profiles. For example) a post of counselor or a post of assistance, enquiry counter at post office. Human relations improvement, etc.

Both the sectors can be integrated by a Partnership kind of activity as per condition may arise. The dominance of Organized Sector be controlled. Job Expectations of one sector can be fulfilled by the other sector and vice versa
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby hvpant@gmail.com » Thu Feb 03, 2011 8:14 pm

The basic folly in India in the last couple decades has been how it has looked at Exports. The crying need is to recognize exports for what they are,..and are not.
Exports are a way to earn hard currency to pay down external debt and to pay for one's imports. They are NOT the mechanism to conjure up growth numbers. The only growth worth measuring and congratulating oneself about is one that comes from consumption and flow of money WITHIN. THAT growth is Inclusive, brings more people into employment with lower or stable prices of products and services. Even internally, mere Growth numbers are not important, are the median real incomes rising, or just the money of the common populace transferring to the few? If the latter, then the growth will eventually stop. Appropriate taxation policies come into the picture.

The idea should be:

1. Tax the gross exports proceeds when the RBI is indulging in OMOs to "protect" the rupee from rising - to keep the exporters' pricing in external markets competitive. By keeping the rupee from rising, the whole country is paying in higher import prices (e.g. higher prices of petrol, diesel, ATF, LPG, and what have you). The tax on gross proceeds of exports needs to fund infrastructure, education, selective import subsidies, so the Govt has something to show for the inflation that people at large are bearing (other than the 9% growth number in the Economic Survey).
Not taxing export proceeds also causes Demand Pull inflation. The professionals and businesses in exports earn disproportionate to the PPP conversion of what they are selling abroad, and their payability divorced from that of others, pushes up prices that hurt everyone else. Govt's economic policies have to stop being dictated by NASSCOM exporters.

2. Tax the net profits from exports just like regular (Domestic) Corporate taxation. Otherwise, we get a policy skew where eveyone wants to produce for exports (on a Govt. suppressed exchange rate via RBI's OMOs), so then we are adding more money into the economy while the supply of goods and services are being addded elsewhere! None of this new money is improving the roads, drinking water, electricity supply, education infrastructure, et al. because it is tax free. As if this were not enough, exports become a channel for money laundering, i.e. sending corruption money out via hawala route, then bring it back in as fictitious exports.....TAX FREE. Natutrally, what we are seeing is heavy dose of Inflation (14%/annum on CPI - WPI is for ivory tower academics), with no betterment in the quality of Indian infrastructure, in fact a deterioration. Just compare Bangalore in 1998 to the Bangalore in 2010. It is horrible, unlivable. The infrastructure improvements just did not keep pace with its "Growth".

The first step to INCLUSIVE Growth is to relook at how we see and treat exports, to recognize that Growth numbers are not the be all and end all of policy, and to recognize, as Nobel Laureate Paul Krugman and former Clinton Administration official Robert Reich have been advising Amerca lately, "the Interests of a nation are not the same or coterminus with the interests of its Corporations"....add to that: ...its exporters.

I am rather skeptical of the mantra of "Public-Private partnership", there is a real danger that it will end up getting translated into "Businessman Welfare" while robbing from the generic (Inclusive) welfare that the Govt really is supposed to do. I'd be more comfortable if the mantra were rather "Public Private Respective Focus"
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby prakhar.sahay@gmail.com » Sat Feb 05, 2011 8:32 pm

Govt. should plan abetter work-life balance for people working in private organizations in India like we have in other developed countries.

Exploitation is way much higher in pvt. firms.
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby wjgtf87t42b@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 8:11 am

India must be willing to dream big and most importantly be open to ideas based on how other successful nations have done.
The pdfs from the following link shows tiny Abu Dhabi's economic vision for 2030.
Perhaps we can copy some ideas from them.


http://dpeportal.adeconomy.ae/portal/pa ... ema=PORTAL
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby wjgtf87t42b@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 8:26 am

India must be willing to dream big and most importantly be open to ideas based on how other successful nations have done.
The pdfs from the following link shows tiny Abu Dhabi's economic vision for 2030.
Perhaps we can copy some ideas from them.


http://dpeportal.adeconomy.ae/portal/pa ... ema=PORTAL
wjgtf87t42b@gmail.com
 
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Re: The planning process in India emphasizes faster and inclusive growth. It should translate into generation of adequate employment opportunities. The experience, however, is that more jobs are being created in unorganized rather than in organized sector. How can more employment be generated in Indian economy both in the organized and unorganized sectors?

Postby rewritequran@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 9:29 am

India is a representative democracy.
And not meritocracy like Taiwan or sharia like Saudi Arabia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meritocracy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Representative_democracy

Marks != Merit

Reservations have nothing to do with marks/merit.
Reservations is to provide 'opportunities' to social/economical/culturally diverse communities viz Muslims/Christians/Anglo-Indians/Sikhs/BC/SC/ST in Parliament/Supreme Court/Administration and Private institutions.

India should have reservations till 90% marriages are inter-caste or inter-faith.
Alternative is to give autonomy to BC/SC/ST/Minority communities as per 4th August 1932 Round Table Conference Resolutions.
http://goo.gl/wTzIq
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