Managing Urbanization

Most of our metros and cities are under severe stress with inadequate social and physical infrastructure coupled with worsening pollution. Migration pressures are likely to increase. How do we make our cities more liveable? What can we do today to ensure that smaller cities and towns are not similarly overwhelmed tomorrow?

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How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

How to devise urban renewal strategy so that growth centres coming up outside the cities and spread of unplanned sprawls can be avoided?

Postby chanana.ak@nic.in » Mon Mar 07, 2011 11:10 am

How to devise urban renewal strategy so that growth centres coming up outside the cities and spread of unplanned sprawls can be avoided?

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anupamgreat@gmail.com (Fri Jun 24, 2011 8:52 pm)
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Re: How to devise urban renewal strategy so that growth centres coming up outside the cities and spread of unplanned sprawls can be avoided?

Postby dnmishra@lycos.com » Sat Mar 19, 2011 12:39 pm

Indian planners and policy makers often appear to me a bunch of regional chauvenists to say the least. When I see newer national institutes and strategic assets which have capability of job creation and spur economic activity in the near vicinity being set up invariably in the so called mega cities, I cannot but feel dismayed. Cann't our policy makers see that Mumbai , Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata and Bangalore cann't support an ever increasing population of say over 50 million each in any case. If this realization is there, then why not set up catalytic economic assets like new generation of economic assets in cities which can be targeted as an alternate destination. A case in point could be setting up of income tax centralized processing centers at existing mega cities. One can be less visionary but being completyely blind does not help the case of this great country.
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Re: How to devise urban renewal strategy so that growth centres coming up outside the cities and spread of unplanned sprawls can be avoided?

Postby zyexe23@gmail.com » Mon Jun 20, 2011 5:56 pm

Rather than clearing slums and rendering poor people helpless, Its time we channeled our resources properly.

The Truth is The Rich get richer and poor get poorer.

The Best way is to create new cities , which are technologically advanced, wide roads, slightly less taxes, unfriendly and most importantly offer highest standards of living. These can be called as Economic Cities.

The features of Economic Cities are
1.Highest standards of infrastructure living ,so that the rich and upper middle class migrate to such cities.
2. Have a strict policy for making the city use green resources.
3. No subsidies to be offered by the government in such cities.eg. LPG which is 350rs in other cities shoild be given at non subsidised rate of 500+ rs. Since only rich people reside they wont mind paying extra if they can get a world class living space.
4.Allow any item to be imported and used within the premises of the city.For example, foreign cars can be imported without any duty but strictly to be driven inside the city premises.For transport purposes outside city , only Indian cars be used.Since, entry and Exit to the city is by a security gate,such schemes can be effectively implemented.
5. Entry and exit to the city by ID cards so that unwanted people are not allowed. The city should have a defined boundry/fence so that theives,criminals dont get inside the city. This would keep the Crime rate low in the city.
6.Use latest technology for governance and have a single complex for carrying out all govt. activities like paying taxes,license renew , passport etc.
7.Plan the city for highest and smartest standards of living. For every 4-5 streets there should be a religious complex(having masjid,temple,church etc ) ,commercial complex and healthcare complex having decent medical facilities.
8.Provide highest standards of education with foreign univ's free to open campuses in such cities.
9.The industries and business may need people from middle class or poor people, this can solved as the workers can enter and leave the city for working.they can live outside the city and they enjoy the benefits offered by the government.With time, their standards of living also improve.
10. The city should have good transport infrastructure and can also have an airport and train station in close proximity.This would enable good connectivity to the region as well as the city.

Why this would work ??
1. The rich would slowly move into these cities as it would offer better standard of living, although cost of living is higher than other cities but it would hardly be an issue to the rich and upper middle class.
2.Taxation would be easy as every resident of the economic city can be tracked and kept detailed using advanced IT resources.
3. This would mean that the middle class and poor people reside away from these cities and they obtain the full benefit of welfare schemes of the government.The money meant for poor people and subsidies reach the deserving people.
4.with time, the standards of these people improve and poverty can removed slowly
5.There should be provision for ustilising at least 30% non renewable ,eco friendly and green techniques and practices.
6.Politicians can be kept a little away from the affairs of the city and activities like campaigning should be done online and without any significant wastage of money and time.
7.Income to the government will gradually increase.
8. It will De congest existing cities, provide numerous employement oppurtunities,channelise resources,offer better standards of living and promote a positive image about India.

Some examples were such economic cities are developed in the world
1.Saudi Arabia.- King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC)
2. UAE - Masdar city
etc etc

The basic view is
"The Rich Indians deserve a better standards of living
And
The Poor have to obtain access the Proper Welfare Schemes put forth by the Govt."

I guess by implementing the above measures the country can progress well.
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Re: How to devise urban renewal strategy so that growth centres coming up outside the cities and spread of unplanned sprawls can be avoided?

Postby communicate2vijay@yahoo.co.in » Mon Aug 22, 2011 11:10 am

The strategy is to plan cities rather than letting them form natural clusters which are often unsustainable(Eg.Tirupur w.r,t to environment damage)

In addition we are today facing a grave threat of cities becoming more expensive, which might turn India incompetant on long runs. Is there a thing we can do to stay competitive.

Most of the recent increases witnessed is mostly a result of Inflation, but also an important factor i.e. cities housing the industry are becoming increasingly expensive to live. Eg. Mumbai is expensive than Delhi and Delhi in turn is more expensive than Bangalore, if you go by rentals or salary levels or real estate are higher in Mumbai than elsewhere in India.

So bigger the city, expensive it is expected to be. Not only this, bigger cities record higher crime rate affecting overall quality of life.

Now the challenge is to have smaller cities , not the traditional cities focused on only domestic economy but also on exports and restrict the growth ,the large cities are currently witnessing.

India over 30% of 1.3 Bn total population living in urban areas. and if you see the distribution of population , you can witness a power curve. With few cities holding large chunk of population

- Top 3 cities has 12% of the urban population,

- Top 25 Cities has 25% of the urban Population

- Top 100 Cities has over 40% of the urban population.

Where as 70% of the population is present in 0.65 Mn villages.

Instead , we can have say 10,000 cities with 1 Lakh population than few cities with very large population and many 1 lakh towns with smaller population of about 5K. And each city or cluster of cities can be focused to develop certain competencies, say auto, telecom, ITES etc. while the towns will focus on agriculture and domestic trade.

I can think of three step approach to achieve this

Step 1: Defining the ideal city with respect to the area and population, economy, Infrastructure such as roads, education, etc..

Step 2: Larger cities playing a fathers role along with government. i.e how father saves money and invests in the future of sons.

So the larger cities can focus on just maintaining themselves and share of the cities’ revenues/receipts from government can be diverted towards the growth of very small cities/towns say in the proximity of say 100-200 km across all the directions. In this way say every city adopts 4 cities around itself.

So once the city attains certain size, they have to be not only self sustainable but also help growing more cities around it. and eventually de-growing itself.

Step 3: Developing Competencies developing them into clusters. Within Individual states a clusters of cities (Say 10 of them) can be formed with focus on specific industries such as Auto, Telecom, ITES etc,. The cluster focus can help the industries to manage talent pool and even growing skilled manpower through active participation in educational institutions
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