Managing Urbanization

Most of our metros and cities are under severe stress with inadequate social and physical infrastructure coupled with worsening pollution. Migration pressures are likely to increase. How do we make our cities more liveable? What can we do today to ensure that smaller cities and towns are not similarly overwhelmed tomorrow?

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How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby manik.sikka@gmail.com » Mon Feb 07, 2011 9:32 am

Urbanization is a good thing and shows that economy is booming. Compared to other developed countries India hardly has any urban population thus this figure is bound to increase.
However to ensure a healthy and progressive cities, better mass public transport (DMRC)should be created so that people may choose to live in cheap suburb homes but still ensure good working opportunities for themselves and contribute effectively to booming urban economy.
Faster and cleaner inter city fast trains is a right step in this direction (like planned delhi ~ merrut)
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby wjgtf87t42b@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 8:13 am

India must be willing to dream big and most importantly be open to ideas based on how other successful nations have done.
The pdfs from the following link shows tiny Abu Dhabi's economic vision for 2030.
Perhaps we can copy some ideas from them.


http://dpeportal.adeconomy.ae/portal/pa ... ema=PORTAL
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby rewritequran@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 9:44 am

Govt cannot productively govern more than 2 million citizens.
Decentralize Governance in India into Cantons as in Switzerland.
http://goo.gl/A8F6
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby usyerramilli@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 6:31 pm

Most of the people who live in the slums are those migrated to cities from rural areas.. Fencing a city will not prevent slums from developing, just that they will develop just outside the fence.
The option of low cost housing alone will not solve the problem. The main problem is trying to prevent new slums from forming. To this, the only solution could be to create rural employment.

However, on the other hand, technological innovations have been increasing the standard of living and this is luring people to migrate to the urban areas. They being unemployable, end up working as daily laborers or even menial jobs and end up living in slums.
When corporates are able to create rural employment opportunities through Project Shakti or e-Choupal, the Government has a long way to go. It should not be a tough task for the Government to replicate something similar.
NREGA could be used as a seed to foster this initiative. Hope to see something good happening in this front.
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby abmehta66@yahoo.co.in » Thu Feb 10, 2011 4:29 am

Most of the slums are created by people who have migrated from the villages or other towns from within the state and from other states in search of livelihood. This can be controlled only by providing the livelihood at the original place. This is an ongoing process and hence new slums would keep on developing. So the problem has to be addressed seriously. Unfortunately these slums are VOTE BANKS and concessions are distributed freely by all parties in local power particularly at election time. There has to be TOTAL DENIAL of DISCRETION to the leaders. Clear guidelines should be drawn and strictly followed under the watchful eyes of an independent local agency that can be created by utilizing SENIOR CITIZENS whose number is growing and this resource is being wasted.
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby nsddn@rediffmail.com » Fri Feb 11, 2011 6:25 am

This would imperatively require a two pronged strategy:

1. Effective means to get relocation done for the existing slum dwellers.

2. Prevent other chunk of population to add to the chunk of existing slums or create new slums (in same cities or other cities).

Tackling either of the above two would be like trying to fill a leaky bucket with water. The resources/efforts put in will not yield desired results since on one hand you try to fill & on the other hand your efforts get ineffected by the leakage. Result=> Ineffective Solution. Thus both the above require to be addressed.

Now before trying to tackle the above two, it is desired to understand the root cause of the problem i.e a need to figure out the major reasons for the slums to come up & what prevents the existing slums to be erradicated?

I provide below a broad framework of this approach:

Reason for slums coming up:

Reason 1. The Pull factor: The people from rural ares migrating in search of new & greener pastures sinectheir traditional source of livelihood (primarily agriculture) marred by various recent developments such as weather, decreasing demand for their produce, ineffective support from government/others, high cost of loans to start a new source of livelihood etc.
Reason 2. A chunk of unskilled population trying to continue their battle for a better living seeing the well to do city population.
Reason 3........
Reason 4........
Reason 5........

& So on list all the major plausible reasons.


Thereafter list all the plausible measures as an answer to the above reasons:

Measure 1: Prevention of villagers migrating to villages out of compulsion by providing better infrastruture & source of livelihood to them in their villages itselg eg. technological help, colective grouping for better yield on their produce, elimination/reduction of intermediaries to get them more return on their produce, low cost loans & guidance mechanism to start up a new source/venture etc. The essence is to make them happy in their native place rather than leaving them to migrate to cities out of compulsion & add to the slums.

Measure 2: Relocating the existing slum dwellers to a new place/their native place. With an effective communication & implementation of measure 1 quite a few may be motivated to relocate to their native places as quite a few of the slum dwellers would have their origins in rural areas.
The others who do not migrate are to be relocated to new areas with better living conditions. A proper open system of communication is also must for the efforts to succeed in the long run. The slum dwellers should not only have an option of a better home with basic facilities such as water, light, road etc. but also a source of livelihood near the new place. This kind of solution need to be understood for acceptance & being effective & hence the need for an open communication & harbouring of trust. For this a team may be formed from the existing slum dwellers in each of the sulms & an effort made to make this team realize the benefits of relocation. This team should then support in communicating these to others in the slums. The choice of the right candidates in this team would be mandatory for success of any initiative. Those youths that are open to communication, motivated for the upliftment of their peers & are trusted by their peers are to be roped in.

Measuree 3……

Measure 4……..

Measure 5……..

& So on.
nsddn@rediffmail.com
 
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby bansal.shailesh@gmail.com » Fri Feb 11, 2011 1:22 pm

The most important thing which can prevent emergence of new slums is rural employment for sure. Along with that we need to educate people about the drawbacks of living in a city. Everyone in rural area see high rising buildings and their neighbors earning lot more than him/her and get lured towards cities, what they are unable to see is extremely low standard living of those who are unable to grow enough and extremely high cost of living. If we can do these two things at the same time I think slums will go down.
To make things smooth we can have Visa system for movement from one state to the other less to control and more to track. At the end of each year for every one percent of person moving out of state(persons went out of state - persons moved in state) one percent salary of all ministers and funds provided to state for development will be deducted and the same is being highlighted. Same way the states luring persons from other states will get similar benefit.
This will also force governments to control cost of living so that they can sustain the competition.
One thing which can further help it is to educate persons to go for lesser children one or maximum two and give them enough benefits like a place to live like we have JJ colony in Delhi we can make rule that only persons with max 2 child can avail space to live and we can further praise those who stick to single child. If population gets reduced slums will fight for their existance.
Hope my suggestions will be healthy and implementable and more thanks to include common man in planning for our country
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby vikas.menghwani@gmail.com » Sat Feb 12, 2011 6:35 pm

The emergence of (even more) slums in the cities can have very painful consequences. The biggest reason for above is migration! and the most workable way to curb it is to develop the infrastructure Nationwide!, so that, not just NREGA or other government schemes, even private sector can happily open up employment opportunities in the regions which are remote today.

Technology is already reaching the interior most India, let us make the whole country physically accessible too!
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby raghushankar717@gmail.com » Tue Feb 15, 2011 7:13 am

Provide Temporary dorms for such migrants .Guard all vacant govt.land from being occupied..And as for existing slums go in for PPP model.Increase the FAR to 3 and most of the developers will happily participate.
Regards
Raghu shankar.
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Re: How can we prevent the emergence of new slums in our cities in the future?

Postby spha99@yahoo.com » Wed Feb 16, 2011 4:52 pm

Dear Friends,

This is really a very good question raised. I would like to share 2 examples, one is my visit to a tribal village of southern MP, where Korku tribes are living. the village is developed by themselves. No doubt houses are made up of mud and wood and considered as kachchaa houses due to their poverty. But the layout of village is very good. the distance between two rows of houses are more than enough for crossing two vehicles. No incidence of encroachment is seen outside of their front doors.

In contrast, in urban area well planed houses are given to the people and they not only modified their houses but also encroached the footpaths and drainage systems. which creates the living condition very unhygienic and looking like slums.
So If we want to remove slums, we need to start basic education programmes for the people for maintaining hygiene in their area like literacy mission and old age education.

Regards,
spha99@yahoo.com
 
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