Rural Transformation and Sustained Growth of Agriculture

Rural India suffers from poor infrastructure and inadequate amenities. Low agricultural growth perpetuates food and nutritional insecurities, which also reduces rural incomes. How can we encourage and support our villages in improving their living and livelihood conditions in innovative ways?

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MGNREGS has succeeded in mitigating rural distress. What are its other effects and what should be done?

What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby chanana.ak@nic.in » Fri Feb 04, 2011 10:30 am

What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?
chanana.ak@nic.in
 
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby wjgtf87t42b@gmail.com » Tue Feb 08, 2011 8:23 am

India must be willing to dream big and most importantly be open to ideas based on how other successful nations have done.
The pdfs from the following link shows tiny Abu Dhabi's economic vision for 2030.
Perhaps we can copy some ideas from them.


http://dpeportal.adeconomy.ae/portal/pa ... ema=PORTAL
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby nsddn@rediffmail.com » Thu Feb 10, 2011 11:58 am

I give below a broad framework to address the issues:


1. Identify a group of villages & organize them into clusters.

2. Create a target group of youths in each of these cluster of villages i.e sort of team with representation from the villages belonging to that cluster. Right choice of such youths is a critical success factor of any scheme. Those youths that are educated & have a passion for the upliftment of their villages should be involved. These teams would be more open to new technology & ways and also help passing on the information with enthusiasm to others in the villages. Also , they can potray a more realistic picture of ground realities & challenges. They can also act as a funnel to tap the traditional age-long wisdom from villagers for some of the challenges.
The normal existing governmental administrative setup is either marred by the red-tapism or not enthusiastic about ground level implementation & thus most of the schemes become ineffective.

3. Identify an area of challenge & technological answer to it.

4. Decide on the measurement tools/techniques to monitor progress .

5. Involve this group in generation & dissemination of technology down to ground level.

6. Monitor from time to time with periodical review to assess effcetiveness & refinement(if desired)
nsddn@rediffmail.com
 
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby jeyavet@gmail.com » Sat Feb 12, 2011 4:15 pm

In our country, agriculture contributes 18% of the GDP, but the population depending on it for their subsistence has been around 50%. Of late, growth rate in agriculture has come down to around 2%.
Agriculture being the state subject as per the constitution is primarily handled by the state agricultural departments and state agricultural universities.Central support is available in agricultural research manpower.Extension manpower at the central level is limited.
There is a huge productivity gap in potency and achievement of every agricultural commodity. This is the case in crop, livestock, horticultural and fishery sector.We need to reach about ten crore farm families to help them achieve the productivity potential of the agricultural commodity of their choice.We have about 30,000 agricultural scientists available at the central and state levels in agriculture and allied sector in the research institutes and state agricultural universities.
Technical manpower is also available at state departments of agriculture, animal husbandry,horticulture and fisheries, etc, This is about 1,00,000. These workers take maters from lab to land and from land to lab.They need to reach these farm families who are in the rural areas and most of them are small and marginal farmers. They have low or nil literacy and mostly at the bottom of the income pyramid.
In India, state agricultural universities were started on the pattern of land grant institutes of U.S.A. in the sixties by bifurcating extension and research wing of the state agriculture and allied departments.In the last fifty years, this has created a barrier in the flow of personnel in either way.This has created a huge gap in the knowledge levels of these workers.This shows up when information flow takes place in lab to land and in other way also.Sometimes research is not focused on field problems. In U.S.A., only about 1% of the population is involved in agriculture and the farmers are not at the bottom of the income pyramid.Their farmers reach the research institutes with their problem and get it addressed.They even fund specific research.In that country, there is no separate agricultural extension department. Extension activity was taken up by the research personal.
Allowing the flow of personnel by giving freedom in movement and facilities like study leave with pay and rural service restriction for cadre movement will go a long way for the nation to bridge productivity gap in agriculture. Merger of this wings may be thought of.
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby sss@sdlindia.com » Tue Mar 22, 2011 10:04 am

• As suggested else where mobile units should be deployed to disseminate useful information to the farmers with the help of audio-visual presentations.
• There should be information cell giving agriculture related information at every Agriculture University. This information should include agro-technological information on alternate crops including medicinal plants.
• Agricultural research should be done as per national priorities and some mechanism should be in place to ensure that efforts in different institutes are not duplicated.
One of the focus areas for agricultural research should be medicinal plants. Agro-technology, tissue culture, hydro-ponics etc. of medicinal plants should be undertaken.
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby ghosh_jayant@rediffmail.com » Wed May 11, 2011 11:34 am

BPL TO APL IN 120 DAYS -POSSIBLE
A fine demonstration of private sector engagement in agri based livelihood promotion has been grounded in Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh. The challenge was to intervene with technology and finance to empower small and marginal farmers generate high productivity from small land holdings.
A clear policy to enable private sector to intervene in technology & skill promotion and develop market linkages for rural produce is necessary. The link below will provide one such roadmap.
www.maatiagrotech.com
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby ktmadhaw@gmail.com » Mon May 30, 2011 10:31 am

chanana.ak@nic.in wrote:What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?


1. Make target based district agriculture plan- Production, Processing and Storage and Marketing (Crop wise),
2. Hire Agri managers from IIM's and other Premier Institution. (No bureaucratic intervention is required),
3. Research System is in Directly contact with the improved technologies to the Managers (Serve Lab to Land Programme)
4.Dump the Structure of FCI and Concentrate on Rural Godowns and channelize it through District agriculture plan.
5. Formulate new body for Buffer Stock maintenance.
ktmadhaw@gmail.com
 
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Re: What institutional reforms are required to make generation and dissemination of technology by the National Agricultural Research System more effective?

Postby ashish1968@gmail.com » Mon Jul 18, 2011 12:39 pm

Generation of technology and dissemination are two very different tasks and must be kept separate as skills and attitude requirements are different.

Generation of technology: the key issue in ICAR and SAU is quality of manpower and facilities/environment available to them. We need to do followings
1. create an institution where scientist has commerical interest for output of his reserach/technology.
2. this can be done by launching institutions where best minds are avaiable under one roof unlike disconnected entities in goants like ICAR
3. Create mechanization, genetics, water management,plant protection and similar verticals.
4. each vertical must have five centres in India. Thus we will have about 25 centres in India.
5. Invite overseas Indian to particpate in it.
6. One can only join thee institution by contributing to its equity in cash not kind and must be able to stay there for five years in lieu of that equity only if he is able to launch the product and there is buyer.
7. This model can be improved on the lines of Temasek Life sciences (Temasek is Singapore government's investment arm) It works with National University of Singapore and survives by selling IPR to industry.
This is very broad level framework and can be perfected by learning from different countries.

Dissemination of technology should be in hand of private stakeholders and must use TV as media. Krishi darshan etc are outdated and government extnesion department cannot perform technology dissemination role. They must act as regulator rather than doer.

best regards

Ashish Swarup 9867618610
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