Technology and Innovation

Technological and organizational innovation is the key to higher productivity and competitiveness. How can we encourage and incentivize innovation and their diffusion in academia and government as well as in enterprises of all sizes.

read more
Sign In
Apart from the existing agricultural extension system, what alternatives are there to improve the flow of technology to farmers?

How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby chanana.ak@nic.in » Mon Feb 21, 2011 8:40 am

How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?
chanana.ak@nic.in
 
Posts: 145
Joined: Mon Nov 29, 2010 11:37 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 23 times

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby rite2sid@gmail.com » Mon Feb 21, 2011 3:54 pm

The research institutions have time and again emphasized on the need to "inculcate scientific learning" from elementary level .

The art of questioning,reasoning,debating,coming up one's own observation on the subject of study is one of the simplest yet most important reasons for the current state of affairs in research.

Some changes that can be introduced -
1.Through open the labs in schools and colleges -24X7 .Give them ample time to carry out their own research .(This one is especially for science )
2.Teachers need to adapt to a "discussion oriented" class rooms .Encourage scientific temper.
3.Incentives in for students and teachers who follow such a system.
4.Contests on white paper research topics for students at state and national level .
5.Industry - college interaction to be encouraged .There seem to be some steps being taken in this regard.
rite2sid@gmail.com
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Thu Feb 10, 2011 12:02 pm
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 0 time

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby prasannay4ee022@gmail.com » Tue Feb 22, 2011 7:02 am

This artifical divide between academic teaching and research institutions has impact on providing skilled manpower to the indian industry.

Academic teachings were much concentrated on marks rather than knowledge gained.

Teachers should be properly guided about the importance of practical knowledge.Practical knwolegde should be given importance in academics instead on limiting their knowledge with academic Books.

Teachers were responsible in bringing the change ,so good teachers to be chosed first and Govt should formulate schemes in helping them in return.

Evalaute the difference between western education and us.Are we not good enough in our basics and then where lies the difference.Application of knowledge is lagging.

Let us develop Reasoning,logical,analytocal skills allocating marks to those.In this way we may compel the students to learn them and do practicals on what they learnt.

Laboratories.Libraries and research centres should be developed for educating who were interested and extended our help they needed.

Necessity for quality education,practical knowledge should be felt by teachers and in turn government.As these are the people who build for nations pillars.
prasannay4ee022@gmail.com
 
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Feb 21, 2011 6:48 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 0 time

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby a.sonkusare@nic.in » Thu Mar 03, 2011 9:47 am

Giving specific responsibilty is always good. I think, Academic institutes should be more focus on basic research and Research institutes should do the high end research. Since Academic institutes do not have adequate infratructure to take up high end research and Research institutions should not waste their time in doing basic research.

One way of reducing divide is to allow mobility of scientists/academics between the research institutions and education institutions so that they can share their knowlegde and hand on experience among themselves.

Dr. Ashok A. Sonkusare Dy. Adviser (S&T), Planning Commission

For this message the author a.sonkusare@nic.in has received Like:
rakesh.agarwal@dmsiitd.org (Thu Mar 10, 2011 8:09 am)
Rating: 4%
 
a.sonkusare@nic.in
 
Posts: 3
Joined: Fri Feb 25, 2011 4:23 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 3 times

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby sibin.m@gmail.com » Thu Mar 10, 2011 7:19 am

The most important requirement is to fund and develop new research-oriented universities all over the country. Then provide funding from the central and state governments on a per-proposal/per-project basis to faculty members with the stipulation that all their research results must be released in public forums or published. Such universities need to have the entire stack, i.e. undergraduate, masters and PhD degrees as well as post-doctoral positions (depending on each group/faculty member). Once such a pipeline is formed, some undergraduates will stay on to do masters degrees and some of those will stay on to do PhDs. The biggest problem in India is the lack of quality PhD degrees in all scientific areas.

Since there will be undergraduates in the same university, teaching will be a necessary quotient for the institution (and mandatory) for faculty.

Faculty performance (a la a tenure-track system) must be tied to multiple parameters such as research publications (at top tier international venues), teaching evaluation from students and the amount of money obtained from competitive grant processes. This will ensure that faculty will not neglect one side or the other and can only advance/be promoted/obtain tenure and salary raises if all of these criteria are satisfactory. While specialist lecturers can be hired to teach basic courses, the undergraduate degree requirements must include original research projects under the guidance of senior professors who conduct research. Similarly, MS degrees must have a stipulation of original thesis. While these conditions seem harsh early on, they can later be relaxed and made voluntary once the institutions have gained traction and the quality of students/research/teaching goes up.

The important thing is to prevent extraneous influences (political pressure for instance) in the tenure/promotion process. This can be avoided by openness -- i.e. publish the yearly evaluation of the faculty (publication, proposal money, teaching evaluations, students guided, etc.) online for free so that it is open to public scrutiny.

Also, instead of trying to ramp up existing facilities (IISC, IITs, NITs, etc.) to such a system, the governments (central & state) should fund new institutions along these models. The reason is that existing institutions have entrenched attitudes and cultures that are hard to break to bring about such changes. The central government can start by creating one in each of the big metros during the first phase and then another set of 5-10 in slightly smaller towns, etc.

Also the government can allow private investors to create similar universities as long as they meet the research, teaching and graduate/undergraduate load requirements.

A final, and most important criterion, is to hire qualified faculty members. I would recommend that the hiring should be initially (first phase at least) limited to people with PhDs from reputed international universities in USA, UK, Europe, Singapore, etc. This is not an attestation to them being smarter or people with PhDs from India being less smart. The only reason is that people from these universities are familiar with such funding models and with handling research/teaching at the same time. Once such a base of qualified/experienced faculty are hired, then the hiring can be opened up to a larger base. Also, this ties in with my point about setting up the first phase of institutions in the larger metros -- more people from abroad will be willing to move to such cities than to smaller towns/villages. Hence it will be easier to get talented people. Also, it will be easier to recruit qualified students to these institutions.

Note: this does not imply that only faculty of Indian-origin must be hired. On the contrary, the faculty must be as diverse as possible -- i.e. also employ people who are not necessarily of Indian origin. So, to make this entire enterprise a success, competitive salaries and startup packages must be provided.

Another important concern that it must be made easy for faculty and students to travel overseas to present research at top international conference/venues -- this will provide extra incentive as well as the best exposure/feedback and will improve the research capabilities of the institutions/country as a whole.

This entire model can be tried with one/two initial universities in Bangalore & Bombay (for instance) -- setting up in these two cities will result in the maximum exposure (worldwide) and also access to top quality students and opportunities for these students after they finish their degrees.

For this message the author sibin.m@gmail.com has received Like:
rakesh.agarwal@dmsiitd.org (Sat Mar 12, 2011 4:46 pm)
Rating: 4%
 
sibin.m@gmail.com
 
Posts: 2
Joined: Mon Feb 07, 2011 12:26 pm
Has Liked: 1 time
Have Like: 2 times

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby sss@sdlindia.com » Tue Mar 22, 2011 6:31 am

This is essentially a problem of teaching and undue stress on examination oriented learning. Children should be encouraged to learn something new every month and share with the class. This will spur their curiosity and they will learn to find their own answers.
sss@sdlindia.com
 
Posts: 41
Joined: Fri Feb 25, 2011 5:50 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 3 times

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby georgebenni@hotmail.com » Wed Apr 06, 2011 5:21 am

I fully agree with Dr. Ashok A. Sonkusare, Dy. Adviser (S&T), Planning Commission that one of the biggest reason for the artificial divide between Academic Instititions and Research institutes in India is lthe lack of mobility of Scientists /Teachers between the Research institutes and academic institutes. Many of the Research institutes in India are built up on specific objectives and concentrate research on specific research areas. Therefore the Scientists working in these institutes are extremely strong in the experimental aspects of these specific research areas, much superior to their couterparts in academic institutes thoug the academic faculties are generally superior in theoratical aspects. Therefore, Scientists should be allowed to teach in academic institutes and teachers should be allowed to take positions in research Institutes based on their capabilities and experiance.

Research Institutes should be given powers to start its own research felowships leading to PhDs. These students have to be guided by persons from academy and research Institutes. Specific amount has to be provided in the budget of the institutes under " Fellowship" .

One big hurdle that has to be removed is the difference in pay patterns of the academic staff and Scietists in Research instituties. Both of them have to follow similar/comparable personal policies sothat persons with comparable qualifications, capabilities and experiance should have comparable pay scale. Introduction of UGC scales have solved this problem between academic institutes but there are lot of research institutes,especialyy those coming under Ministres other than Science and technology are descriminated. The planning commision has to see that these descriminations are removed during the next plan period.

Dr. Benny George
Sr. Scientist
Rubber research Institute of India
Kottayam, Kerala

For this message the author georgebenni@hotmail.com has received Like:
parthav.desai@gmail.com (Sat May 07, 2011 9:27 pm)
Rating: 4%
 
georgebenni@hotmail.com
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Apr 06, 2011 4:20 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 1 time

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby nikhil.thawal@gmail.com » Tue Sep 27, 2011 2:44 pm

Firstly, students from most undergrad life-science colleges in India do not get sufficient exposure or in most cases no exposure to functional laboratories. A very basic laboratory set-up goes a long way in sparking the student's interest. The need of the hour is blurring the lines between academic and research institutions. Research institutions should take upon themselves to devise courses suited to their needs. This will enable students to have access to high-end laboratories and create skilled man-power.

Secondly, most graduate student have their eyes set upon overseas universities for their doctorates. With research institute in India catching up to the standards of their international counterparts, the main reason is the abysmal remuneration offered to these young fellows.
nikhil.thawal@gmail.com
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Tue Sep 27, 2011 2:23 pm
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 0 time

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby pandey.shivansh44@gmail.com » Wed Oct 05, 2011 5:18 pm

I think here we need big infrastructure coz i m also a tech student nd facng problem in lab, equipments nd importantly a guide......my hod is not capable to guide me enough. so in my point of view we all need
1. Opportunity by withdrawng % criteria coz many back benchers were proof thmslf a good engg in cmparsn to der class toppers.
2. Prof must be Prof dey must have sound knowledge of der subject.
3. In university each subjct must have two papers i.e. theoretical nd 2nd is of technological application.
4. each group of student those who r interested must assigned sm project under a proper guidance nd der progress must be tracked periodically.
5. pvt nd public sector must be come fwd either individually or in a collaborative form to help our future indians so dat dey can have a better understandng of theoretical knowledge which were taught by der institution.
pandey.shivansh44@gmail.com
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Wed Oct 05, 2011 4:45 pm
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 0 time

Re: How to reduce the artificial divide between academic teaching and research institutions in India?

Postby mdyipm@gmail.com » Mon Nov 14, 2011 10:15 am

mdyipm@gmail.com
 
Posts: 1
Joined: Mon Nov 14, 2011 10:13 am
Has Liked: 0 time
Have Like: 0 time

Next

cron