Indian farmers have been slow to adopt technology for several reasons.
Lack of capital being the primary one. In places like Kerala, the labour militancy has also been a factor in preventing farm mechanization but fortunately this is slowly disappearing due to labour shortage. Besides this, one of the biggest hurdle for adoption of technology by Indian farmers has been the lack of locally developed technology which is suited for the particular crop or region. The entire agricultural extension system in India is predominately focussed on developing higher yielding varieties, pest and disease management and nutrient management. There is no attempt to conduct R&D to develop farm implements which will help the farming community to work efficiently. With an ageing farming population where youngsters are voting with their feet by going to urban areas shunning agriculture we will have to divert more resources to develop technologies which will aid in making the agriculture operations easier. It might be a good idea to start an Indian Institute of Agriculture Technology to make this happen.