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How can we empower women with appropriate information to enhance their role as change agents?

In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?

Postby » Mon Feb 21, 2011 12:13 pm

In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?
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Re: In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?

Postby » Thu Feb 24, 2011 9:40 am

panchayats , means the government where the active participation of individual is present and chances of devlopment is mere 90 % coz every work and devlopment has to be go in supervision of each and every people...
but here its totally on us means we people are in which way intrested to get it done , means to say in manner where roads are built to break in 6 months or for 6 year.
panchayats should be basically focussed on the core or basic areas of their need in that place , if there is problem related to sever or what ever then definetly it shoul work on it , and these type of many more...
Beside this agricultural needs like seed , fertilizer ,water etc should also be administered so that those who needs it could get it not having so much difficulties or being a soft target of baabu's...
1. all those programmes and schemes ran by govt for agro sector should be initiated and finished at panchayat level and the official formalities should be left on panchayat chief and local block or subdivisional offices...
2 . who should get benefit of those schemes should be monitered by external agencies also so that neputism and friendism could not be promoted...
3. education is the most important sector where some liberties should be provided to panchayats on the guidelines of govt...

and many more..... later to post

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Re: In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?

Postby » Thu Feb 24, 2011 12:38 pm

I agree with MahipShekhar that institution of Panchayat can be instrumental in providing services to the rural folks. It can serve as a medium by which government can address the needs of people. The civil hospital and government high school located in village can be better managed if brought under supervision of Panchayat.

But I want to raise another issue here - transperancy
As pointed out by MahipShekhar in his second point, nepotism is a challenge. Most will agree with me that siphoning of fund is prevalent at the Panchayat level (as also seen in MNREGA).

In my village, more work is done under some Sarpanch and less under others. But irrespective of that, one thing has been consistent - siphoning of funds (The members of panchayat build swanky multi-storey houses after their term is over. It cannot just be a coincidence). The contracts are awarded without tender process and it becomes difficult to prove wrong doing because no paper work is done.

It seems government bodies are playing an important role in raising people out of poverty. I wonder if a rule is made that BPL people can only elect for the post of a Panch and each person can do it for only one term, we can see millions of people getting out of poverty. (Data is as follows - As per 2001 Census, there are 638,365 villages, so 3,191,825 persons are elected in these villages as Panch every 5 year. If there are 5 dependents in a family, 15,959,125 are benefited. So, 1.6 crore people out of poverty every five year. The number can increase if Panchayat elections are held more frequently (say every 2 yr or 3 yr).) The government can do a great service to the nation and people as every citizen will be out of poverty in 30 years.

It is very important that we strengthen our Panchayat Raj institutions if we want inclusive growth of the nation.

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Re: In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?

Postby » Thu Feb 24, 2011 3:30 pm

As everybody is saying on facebook, panchayats should be used for grass root implementation of policies. i would like to add to that. Panchayats, specially the gram sabhas can be used to increase awareness in public about the govt. programs. Most of the time people are not aware of the flagship programs like Bharat Nirman or subsidies given to farmers to buy equipments or so many small things done under sarv sikhsha abhiyan or NRHM etc and activities undertaken under these programs.
The District collector should ensure that every month there should be at least one meeting of gram sabha. and local media should take initiative to increase people's knowledge so as to increase participation in local governance and social audit. Once all the govt. programs are in open, there are less chances of corruption. This will also ensure that the fund flowing down reach the common man and is not just lost in between. We have our 70% population living in villages and huge amount of money being spent (or at least in intended to be so) on them. But still the grass root realities are not very encouraging.
Corruption and malpractices are a norm now a days. We must take sincere measure to restore people's faith in the system. the ARC in its report has given simple formula for corruption:
Monopoly + discretion - accountability = corruption.
We should start from panchayat level to use this understanding to fight mal-administration.
If we just understand this and ensure full implementation covering all leakages, there wont be any dearth of fund or resources for any development program. But this is possible only with participation of public and for that we need to restore their trust and so transparency is the first step. RTI and social audits are of great help but we need more active use of RTI.
Some of the suggestion are:
1. every month the sarpanch should declare and inform the whole village about all the programs and schemes coming to the village and their implementation. Whatever fund came and where it was spent must be declared.
2. A summary report for all such meetings should be taken at higher level of sub-division and district for a quarterly review. This will help the district administration to find out if there was any leakage of fund. This will also allow them to find out which scheme is more useful in which area. and the concept of zero based budgeting can be used to scrap schemes which are not much useful and divert that fund to the more needed programs.
3. the district administration should publish its report every six month to the public via websites and local newspaper. Every district head office should distribute at least 2 copies of this report to every village in the regional language and this should be discussed in the every gram sabha.
4. this way there will be a complete feedback and review mechanism and increased level of awareness and then the participation will be increased.
5. wherever there is a discrepancy in the report and reality, RTI and social audit can be used.
thus discretion will reduce and accountability will increase and we can contro corruption and get faster and inclusive development.

At sub-division level, information centers should be established so that in any person want information about any govt. program, scheme or help in filing an RTI application (like to whom and how) don't have to run here and there for the information.

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In which sectors Panchayats can most efficiently bring about realizable and achievable changes?

Postby » Mon Mar 28, 2011 7:17 am

Insurance Sector! Yeah it might be odd, but I found that Social security schemes can be implemented very easily and very effectively at Panchayat level. I heard of an NGO who is working with Panchayats. One of the initiative they have taken is to link the insurance scheme with the Panchayat.
Initially, during the Gram Sabha meeting people could be made aware on 'social security' measures and given insurance literacy. Consequently, all the voters could be enrolled under the insurance, at the cost of Rs.150 per year (I'm not sure of the premium cost) per voter. Simply the premium cost was collected just like any other revenue tax collection. Now the panchayat can boost of 100% insurance coverage. Already such insurance measures are being implemented by GoI - e.g. LIC-Janashree Bhima Yojana(JBY) schemes. I also think that under the LIC-JBY, the children of the insurer also get a scholarship of Rs.1000 per year (so that acts as an additional initiative).
Just link 'Insurance sector' with the Panchayats
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