Managing the Environment

Environmental and ecological degradation has serious global and local implications, especially for the most vulnerable citizens of our country. How can we encourage responsible behavior, without compromising on our developmental needs?

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Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Interlinking of Rivers

Postby mystic.aks@gmail.com » Fri Mar 25, 2011 5:18 pm

I believe interlinking of rivers can take us a long way ahead in this battle for water. Gujrat n Maharashtra hv already taken the good initiative. But for very efficient implementation of it, I think centralisation of this plan is very important. Many problems can be solved through this :
1.The problem of Floods and droughts hitting the nation almost simultaneously in many parts shall also be solved.
2.water shortage as being discussed under this thread will be tackled.
3.The interlinking can be also be used for navigation purpose.
4.If scientifically implemented, it 'may' help inland fisheries industry as well.(Although equally harmful effect is also possible if not implemented 'scientifically')

The biggest hurdle concrning such a gigantic step is the
1.rehabilitation of people. This aspect shall have to be given huge consideration while planning.
2.There may also be inter-state river disputes, arising out of it.
The problem can be tackled by creating an automonous regulatory body/dispute settlement mechanism.
mystic.aks@gmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby sathyavision2020@gmail.com » Mon Mar 28, 2011 8:04 am

Reviving our traditional water harvesting structures and rejuvenating traditional community-based water management will be solution to think.
Nalla-bunds in Rajasthan
Ahar-pynes in Bihar
Tanks in Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka.
Anupam Mishra's talk on TED shows the importance of traditional water bodies
http://www.ted.com/talks/lang/eng/anupa ... sting.html
This will not only be easy to manage, but also will recharge or even reduce our dependency on groundwater.
Following are the projects being implemented with fund support from World Bank
Orissa Community Tank Management Project
Karnataka Community Based Tank Management Project
Andhra Pradesh Community-Based Tank Management Project
Tamil Nadu tank modernisation project
But these needs to be up-scaled
sathyavision2020@gmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby marikundu@gmail.com » Wed Mar 30, 2011 5:19 am

we strictly prevent the digging well. ground water based (minimun regquirement water) crops cultivation...
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby kcv12@rediffmail.com » Fri Apr 01, 2011 2:37 pm

ameesh1109@gmail.com wrote:Ground water depletion is a part of the problem that needs to be solved by taking care of a few more issues simultaneously. Let me attempt at presenting an abstract solution to the problem.

1. To conserve ground water, we can make lakes in cities. For example, certain fixed percentage of area in every 25 square kilometers should be a water body. Specifications for such lakes must define their minimum depth, minimum surface area, minimum plantations around the lake, maximum acceptable level of pollution in the lake water, cleaning methods and intervals. Water from these lakes should not be used for any human activity except for activities like horticulture. Existing lakes must be conserved and cleaned regularly. A number of such lakes in any given city can have tunnel interconnections, subject to their altitude from sea level. Many cities in dessert states of Gujarat and Rajasthan were made inhabitable by lots of man made lakes. Land space in cities seems to be the only constraint here.

2. Proper sewage disposal systems need to be in place. Large public toilets for those who live in slums areas of cities can be the first investment in this direction. It should be made mandatory to have sewage treatment plants of high technological standards at every point where waste water is discharged into our rivers. Pollution levels of the discharged water must be defined and regularly monitored. Keeping our rivers clean is necessary if we want to maintain clean water in our city-lakes.

3. Under any circumstances, the catchment areas of fresh-water lakes must not be sold for real estate projects or industrial projects. Methods of increasing the capacity of these lakes must be worked out as our cities get more and more populated. We should have five year plans for every individual lake.

4. Rain water harvesting should be made mandatory in every city. No new building should be made without a rainwater harvesting system. Every square foot of concrete in a city should harvest rain water. The rainwater thus harvested should be released in the local lakes (that we have built in point 1).

5. We can even have rain water harvesting roads and highways.

6. To make the compete system more self sustaining, we can have a network of drains that carry clean water across the city, from every building into the local lake. The clean water drainage system will be built over the tunnels connecting various lakes to each other. Why is it that we are used to a drainage network of only dirty water? Why cant we have two parallel systems insulated from each other?

7. Water distribution system of cities must be overhauled. More investments need to be made very urgently. Methods and plans for such investments must be devised and discussed in open forums. Tap water must be essentially free, otherwise those who have deep pockets tend to waste the water.

8. Instead of charging for taking water out of taps, the households must be charged for throwing water out of dirty drains. A meter can be used to monitor the water discharge from a house. We can even measure the clean water discharged from the water harvesting system of a household. The measurement of two types of water discharged can be used for various invoicing models.

I hope that something useful comes out of these suggestions.
I will wait for the first city-lakes and the network of clean water drains to be built in my city.

Thank you
Ameesh

Mr. Ameesh, we favour your views, by the way you are talking about ponds and not lakes,we think so.
kcv12@rediffmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby vikashanand08@gmail.com » Thu Apr 07, 2011 11:18 am

One of the fundamental reasons for ground water depletion is degradation of our forest reserve and tree cover. Forest and vegetation plays an extremely important role in ground water recharge. It provides various ecological services including watershed service. It slows down water runoff and therefore water is able to percolate soil and helps in ground water recharge.
If the valuation for watershed service provided by forest will be undertaken, it will be undoubtedly on the top. If we can maintain healthy forest cover of 33% in the country, ground water depletion problem can be solved significantly. But at present around 60% of our forest is degraded in nature having canopy density of less than 40%. We need to improve on that. Grazing and fuel wood extraction is very problematic for health of forest. People who are living around forest are heavily dependent on it for their subsistence. They have no alternative. If we can improve the socio economic condition of people in and around forest area through various schemes in consultation with them, it will significantly improve our forest and therefore watershed services provided by the forest.
Tree outside forest also play an important role in groundwater recharge. Tree provides various ecological services to the society but people who plant and maintain these trees are getting nothing, if tree plantation and maintenance can be incentivised then it can be promoted to a great extent. Similar to water tax, tree tax can be collected from the citizens of India. People who plant and maintain trees can be compensated from that. Revenue from plantation through PoA CDM project can be also used for promoting plantation.
Agro forestry also has a huge potential to improve water table in India. Agro forestry is the cultivation of agriculture crop along with trees. It is a self sustainable way of agriculture. If species are properly selected, it reduces water requirement of crop. Also trees in farm and around farmland help in ground water recharge. Promoting agro forestry in accordance with various agro climatic zones will also help in better addressing the solution.
Better irrigation system for example drip irrigation system can also help in judicious use of water resource. At present majority of farmers don’t have capacity to install such system .If proper credit and infrastructure can be developed regarding that, and then it will result into better use of water resource.
Regarding equal water tax for every household, I don’t think it is justified. I think if water tax can be charged proportionately to the area of the household. It is more justified. People having garden and large house will definitely use more water. Large house also in most cases mean more family members and more water requirement.
National green India mission will also help significantly in improving ground water status.
In order to implement all these things effectively it requires engagement, coordination and support of various government departments and organisations. Establishing such coordination is a challenging task. It requires integrated effort of forest department, revenue department, irrigation department, agriculture department, Urban and rural development department etc.
Vikash Anand
Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM), Bhopal
vikashanand08@gmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby abhishek.chandra@sify.com » Mon May 02, 2011 4:05 pm

We should try 'controlled flooding' of rivers in North India by building channels/water pipelines which will transport water to various localities and in the towns where the water will be treated and dripped inside the ground.
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby a1acharyya@yahoo.co.in » Tue May 24, 2011 7:11 am

I think a easy cost effective and fast way to reduce water stress is rain water harvesting. It will help in increase of ground water level and will reduce the water stress in urban and semi-urban areas where water usage is high.
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby pradeep8567@gmail.com » Wed Jun 08, 2011 5:38 am

dear sir,
with all due respect I want to state that, in our country the concept of environmental management is absurd... you are stating from past 25 years to clean Ganga river, and allocating millions of rupees of money, bringing legislature after legislature to this cause, but all in vain..... today go and look at river ganga at varanasi and allahabad, all of the city sewage is dumping into river, without any proper treatment... so u people just wasting money....

Instead of cleaning a thing after degradation, better to educate people not to pollute the river, try to convince them through your mass education programs,

the topic of environmental protection and conservation is the least stressed and of little importance to the people of our country.....
pradeep8567@gmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby qualitymeter@gmail.com » Thu Jun 16, 2011 2:48 pm

Groundwater is a national priority and its care and development and use must be in hand of community.

We must revive old style wells as much as it should be and grid of these wells be drawn by a water commission. Well is a simple way of recharge of ground water as well as acts as observation well and also for taking out water.

Because governments are not credible, and water mafia and governments exploit people, "ground water protection and use law" should be made in public, and public is itself responsible to maintaining it, because it is a data in pubic view and hard manipulating by governments and authorities.

There should be a pole on the well that demonstrates water level in real time with use of a float and every one can see it, and know the water level in well. If that level is in SAFE zone, water can be taken from it and if it is caution Zone, metering and fee applies and and, if it is DANGER zone, water cannot be further drawn.

Because of this law, commuinity will be thinking itself for dugging ponds and our reservoirs for recharging ground water when rains come.

This will be a corruption fee and public initiative of law on water, and self responsibility. I hope Sri Manmohan Singh PM sees this comment and not just made this web site for fooling people.

Regards
K G
qualitymeter@gmail.com
 
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Re: Many areas of our country are experiencing severe water stress? How can we stop ground water depletion?

Postby toamogh@yahoo.co.in » Sun Jun 26, 2011 5:33 am

1. Rain water harvesting at all the public places.
2. Rain water harvesting on highways and city roads.
3. Efficient distribution of water in cities and avoidance of leakages.
4. Creating awareness among people regarding proper use of water.
5. Encouraging drip irrigation system wherever possible.
6. Plantation of more trees along roadsides and along highways.
7. River linking project.
toamogh@yahoo.co.in
 
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